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新目标英语八年级下册短语归纳全册

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新目标八年级英语下册短语归纳全册
Unit 1 Will people have robots?
1. in the future 在将来
2. live to (be) … years old 活到……岁
3. in 100 years 一百年后
4. free time 空闲时间
5. talk about 谈论,谈及,谈到
6. high school 高中
7. computer programmer 电脑程序员
8. on a space station 太空站
9. fall/be in love with … 爱上……
10. go skating 去滑冰
11. be able to 能,会
12. I disagree= I don’t agree我不同意
13. the World Cup 世界杯
14. keep pets养宠物
15. job interview 工作面试
16. fly…to… 乘坐…飞往…
17. come true 实现,成为现实
18. see sb. do sth./see sb doing sth 看见某 人做了/正在做某事
19. one’s own … 某人自己的……my own pen
20. science fiction movies 科幻影片
21. help (sb.) with sth. 帮助(某人)做某事
22. hundreds of 数百,成百上千的
23. the same as 和……相同
24. wake up 醒来;唤醒
26. try to do sth. 试图做某事,尽力做某事
27. get bored 变得厌倦
28. over and over (again) 一次又一次,再三地
29.make predictions 做预测
30.predict the future 预测未来
31.look for寻找
32.the head of ….的老板
33.make sb do sth 使某人做某事
34.be used by 被用
35.less pollution 更少的污染
36. live alone 单独居住
Unit 2 What should I do?
1. keep out 不准进,阻止进入
2. argue with sb. 和……争吵
argue about sth. 为……争吵
3. out of style 过时的,不时髦的
in style 流行的,时髦的
4. call sb. Up = ring sb. Up = call/ring/phone sb. 给…..打电话
5. give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 给某人某物
(bring, lend, pass, sell, send, show, take,等与 give 一样)
6. a ticket to a ball game 一张球赛的门票
(与 ticket 类似的名词有:an answer to the question, a key to the door)
7. talk on the phone 在电话中/用电话交谈
8. pay for 付……的款
9. a part-time job 一份兼职工作
10. borrow … from 从……借( 进)……
11. lend … to 把……借(出去)给……
12. ask sb. for sth. 向……要……
13. bake sale 面包或糕饼售买活动
14. Teen Talk 青少年论坛
15. buy sb. sth. = buy sth for sb. 买……给……
(类似的动词还有: get, make,)
16. the same … as 和……一样的……
17. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事
18. want sb. to do sth.= would like sb. to do sth. 想某人做某事
19. find out 发现;查明;核实
20. do sth. wrong 做错某事
21. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
22. be angry with 生……的气
23. pass /fail the test 通过考试/考试不及格
24. get on well/badly with 和……相处得好(差)
25. have a fight with sb. = fight with sb. 与某人打架  
26. fit … in/into… 抽空去做某事
27. not … until 直到……才……
28. as … as possible 尽可能……
29. complain about doing sth抱怨,埋怨做某事
30. take part in = join in 参加(某种活动/集会)
31. all kinds of 各种各样的
32. compare … with … 拿……和……比较
33. on the one hand 一方面
34. on the other hand 另一方面
35. by oneself 某人自己,独自地
36.be surprised at 对…感到吃惊
37.get a tutor 请家教
38. else 其它的每个人
39.give sb some advice(不可数)给某人一些建议
40.find+it+形容词+to do sth.”表示”发现做某事…
41.organized activities 有组织的活动
42.be busy with sth忙于某事
be busy doing sth忙于做某事
43.learn to do 学做某事
44.under pressure在压力下
Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
1. in front of 在……(范围之外)的前面
in the front of 在……(范围之内)的前面
2. barber shop 理发店
3. get out of 到……外,离开
4. walk down/along 沿……走
5. call the police 报警
6. take off (飞机)起飞;脱(衣帽)
7. an unusual experience 一次不寻常的经历
8. the Museum of Flight 航空博物馆
9. take photos 照相
10. a police officer 警官
11. run away 跑开,逃跑
12. walk around 四处走走
13. think about 考虑,思考,回想
14. Beijing International Airport 北京国际机场
15. at the doctor’s 在医务室,在诊所
16. in the hospital 在医院工作
in hospital生病住院
17. in history 在历史上
19. hear about/of 听说,得知
20. ask sb. (not) to do sth. 叫某人(不要)做某事
21. in silence 沉默不语
22. take place(有计划、有安排)发生
happen(意外) 发生
sb happen to do sth 某人碰巧做了某事
sth happens/happened to sb 某事发生在了某人的身上
23. the World Trade Center 世贸中心(美国)
24. in space 在太空
25. a national hero 民族英雄
26. all over the world = around the world 全世界
27.You are kidding.你在开玩笑
28.follow sb to do sth跟随某人做某事
29.shout at 向某人大喊(不礼貌)
30.shout to向某人喊叫
31.jump down 跳下
32.climb up the tree爬树
33.in a tree在树上(外来的物)
34.on a tree在树上(树本身的物)
35.have fun= enjoy oneself 玩得愉快
36.be destroyed by被毁坏
37.have meaning to sb 对某人有意义
Unit 4 He said I was hard-working
1. soap opera 泡沫剧,电视(连续)剧
2. on Friday night 在星期五晚上
3. be mad at=be angry with 生……的气
4. have a surprise party 举行一个惊喜晚会
5. not … anymore 不再,再也不
not … any longer
6. Young Lives 《年轻的生命》
7. direct speech 直接引语
reported speech 间接引语
8. first of all 首先
9. do a homework project 设计作业计划
10. pass on 传递
pass sth to sb
11. work on 从事,设计,演算,操作
12. be supposed to do sth. 被期望(要求)做……,应该做……
13. be good at= do well in 擅长……
15. report card 成绩单
16. have a (bad) cold 患(重)感冒
17. in good health 身体健康
18. end-of-year exams = final exams 期末考试
19. have a big fight with 和…大吵了一架
21. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事
forget doing sth. 忘记做了某事
22. get over 克服,恢复,原谅
23. a poor mountain village 一个贫穷的山村
24. sound like +n 听起来像
25. the Peking University 北京大学
26. the Ministry of Education 教育
27. the Chinese Young Pioneers 中国少年先锋队
28. China’s rural areas 中国的偏远地区
29. sea level 海平面
30. the thin air 稀薄的空气
31. agree with sb./sth. 同意, 与……相符(一致)
32. both … and … 两者都
33.finish doing sth
34. open up 打开,展开,开发,揭露
35. a good start 一个良好的开端
36. care for 照料,照顾,计较,关心
37. in danger 处于危险之中
38.start a bad habbit养成一个坏习惯
39.copy one’s homework抄袭某人的做业
40.send one’s love 问好
41.find science really difficult发现科学真的很难
42.make a decision to do sth 做决定做某事
43.decide to do sth决定做某事
Unit 5 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!
1. have a great/good/nice/wonderful time 玩得高兴
=have fun = enjoy oneself
3. end of year party 年终晚会
4. take … away 拿走,取走
5. all the time=always 一直,始终,总是
6. ID card 身份证
7. the old people’s home 老年之家
8. make money 赚钱
9. round the world = all over the world 全世界,世界各地
10. go to college 上大学
11. work hard 努力工作(学习)
12. a professional athlete 职业运动员
13. a dream job 理想的职业
14. make a living (by) doing通过…谋生
15. play sports 进行体育运动
= get/do exercise
16. get injured 受伤
17. in fact 事实上,实际上
18. mobile phone 移动电话
19. too much 太多
20. laugh at 嘲笑,因……而发笑
21.wear jeans穿牛仔
22.let sb in/out让某人进/出
23.half the class一半的学生
24.have a difficult time with/doing sth费了很大的劲做某事
25.be famous for因….而著名
26.be famous as作为…而著名
27.花费相关短语的总结:
sb. pay some money for sth. 某人为某物花了…(钱)。(pay---paid)
Sth. cost sb. some money/time. 某物花了某人…(钱/时间)。(cost---cost)
Sb. spend some time/money on sth.某人花了…(时间/金钱)在某事上。(spend-spent)
Sb. spend some time/money (in) doing sth. 某人花了…(时间/金钱)做
It takes/took sb. some time to do sth. 花了某人…(时间)做某事。
Review of Units 1-5
1. watch out = be careful = look out = take care 小心,当心,注意
3. would like to do sth. 想要做某事
= feel like doing sth. = want to do sth.
4. the dinning room 餐厅
5. make friends (with) (和……)交朋友
6. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人在做某事
see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事
7. make predictions 做预测
8. hope to do sth. 希望做某事
= wish to do sth.
9. in order to 为了
Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?
1. how long 多长(对for+一段时间提问)
How soon 多久(对in+一段时间提问)
2. a skating marathon 滑冰马拉松
3. a pair of 一双,一副,一把,一条
4. raise money (for charity) (为慈善机构)募捐,筹钱
5. the whole five hours 整整五个小时
6. three and a half years 三年半
= three years and a half
7. thanks for (doing sth) 因……而表示感谢
8. run out of 用完,用尽
9. by the way 顺便说一下,顺便问一下
10. in Russian style 以俄罗斯的风格
11. fly kites 放风筝
12. a talent show 才艺表演
13. finish doing sth. 结束做某事
14. be interested in=take an interest in 对…感兴趣
15. Chinese dynasty 中国的王朝
16. famous characters 著名人物
17. think of 考虑,想起
18. in Russian style 俄罗斯的风格
19. tell sb. about sth. 把……的情况告诉某人
20. enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事
21. the Olympic Games 奥运会
= the Olympics
22.far away 在远处
23.be hard to understand很难理解
24.make a list列一个清单
25.the most common hobby最普通的兴趣爱好
26.learn about Chinese history学习关于中国历史
27.thousands of 数千
28.be welcomed by受到…的欢迎
29.the more…the more…越…越…
30.more and more越来越
31.the captain of…的首都
32.be certain to do确定做某事
33.miss my family想念我的家
34.on my sevevth birthday在我七岁的生日时
35.an interesting city with a colorful history一个具有多姿多彩历史的有趣城市
36.Collectors’ club收集者俱乐部
Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?
1. turn down (音量)放小,(光线)调暗
turn up (音量)放大,(光线)调亮
turn on 打开(开关、按钮)
turn off 关(开关、按钮)
2. not at all 一点也不
3. right away = in a minute 立刻,马上
4. do/wash the dishes 洗碗
5. put on 穿上(动作)
wear 穿着(状态)
6. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
7. make posters 制作海报
8. have a long telephone conversation 煲电话粥
9. wait in line 排队
10. cut in line 插队
11. follow sb. around 跟在某人周围
12. get mad = get annoy = get angry 生气,感到恼火
13. try (not) to do sth. 尽力(不去)做某事
14. seem like 看上去像……
15. even if/though 尽管、即使
16. take care = be careful 小心
17. in public places 在公众场合
18. in public 公开地,当众地
19. break the rule 不遵守规则
20. put out 熄灭
21. pick up 捡起、拾起
22. feed the dog 喂狗
keep the dog 养狗
23. return =give back 把…还给…
10. make posters 制作海报
11. a terrible haircut 一个糟糕的发型
12. have a long telephone conversation 电话
14. follow sb. around 跟在某人周围
15. get mad = get annoyed = get angry 感到恼火
16. all the time 一直
17. it’s better to do最好做某事=had better do
18. be polite/impolite 有礼貌/不礼貌
20. must be 一定是
21. keep down 保持音量
22. seem like 看上去像…
23. be allowed 被允许
24. even if 尽管、即使
25. take care (not)to do= be careful 小心(不)做某事
26. in public places 在公众场合
in public 公开地,当众地
27. put out 熄灭
28. drop litter 乱丢垃圾
29. pick up 捡起、拾起
30. clothing store 服装店
Unit 8 Why don’t you get her a scarf?
1. photo album 相册
2. leave school 毕业离校
3. take care of = look after 照顾,照看
4. too … to … 太……而不能……
5. these days 目前,现在
6. a pot-bellied pig 大肚猪
7. not … at all 根本不,一点也不
8. fall asleep 入睡
9. give away 分发,赠送
10. pay for 付……的款
11. rather than 而不是
instead of (of 是介词)代替,而不是
12. in different ways 以不同的方式
13. as … as 与……一样……
not as/so…as… 与…比不如其…
14. native speakers 说本族语的人
15. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
16. make progress 取得进步
17. the Olympic Committee 奥委会
18. have fun with sth. 做某事有乐趣
= have fun doing sth.
19. hear of 听说
20. take an interest in = be interested in 对……感兴趣
21. make friends with 和……交朋友
22. get her a scarf 送她一条围巾
23. compare with sth. …与…相比
24. not creative enough 不够有创意
25. easy/difficult to take care of 容易/难养活
26. half way = halfway 半道、中途
27. different kinds of 不同种类
from across China = from all over China来自全中国
28. make progress by doing 通过…取得进步
29. be able to = can 能够
Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?
1. have been to 到过某处(现在已回来)
Have gone to 到某处去了(现在还没有回来)
Have been in/at 在某处呆了多久
2. an amusement park 游乐园
3. a water park 水上公园
4. a roller coaster 过山车
5. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事
see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事
6. walk around 四处走动
7. take a ride 兜风
8. on board 在船上
9. take different routes 走不同的路线
10. end up with sth 以…结束
end up doing sth 以做某事结束
11. argue with sb. 与某人争吵
12. an English-speaking country 说英语的国家
13. an exchange student 交换生
14. a flight attendant 一名机组乘务员
15. a tour guide 导游
16. such as 例如
For example例如(后用逗号隔开)
17. listening skills 听力技能
18. in Southeast Asia 在东南亚
19. take a holiday 度假
20. three quarters 四分之三
21. have problems (in) doing sth. 做某事很费劲
22. during the daytime = in the day 在白天
23. all year round 全年,一年到头
24. wake up 醒来,唤醒,叫醒
25.think about/of doing sth 思考做某事
26.so much fun如此多的乐趣
27.welcome to 欢迎来到
28.be welcomed by受到…欢迎
29. think about 考虑
30.think of 想起;认为
31.10. rather than 宁可;而不是
32. neither…nor… 既不…也不…
33. on the one hand,… on the other hand,…. 一方面…,另一方面…
Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?
1. small talk 闲聊
2. look through 浏览,快速查看
3. a thank-you note 一封感谢信
4. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好
5. feel like (doing) sth. 想要(做)……
6. have a hard/difficult time doing sth. 费了很大的劲做某事
7. come along 到达,出现,跟着来,赶快
8. get along/ on 相处
9. at least 至少
10. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事
forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事
11. cross a busy street = go/walk across a busy street 穿过一条繁忙的街道
12. get along/on … with sb. 与某人相处的…
13. on Saturday night 在周六的晚上
14. at the school dining room 在学校的餐厅里
15. it’s +adj+for sb to do sth
16. one of +the +最高级+名词复数 最 …之一
17. practice doing sth 练习做某事
 

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